Roses are one of the most popular garden plants in Britain, so it is surprising that many gardeners are still unsure of how to prune them. But it isn’t difficult.
First things first – prune with a pair of sharp secateurs to make a clean cut and avoid damaging the plant.
Technique is important too. Many people ask me where they should make the cut. As a general guide, if you want to completely remove a stem, cut through its base where it joins another stem or the main branch.
If you are cutting back a stem without removing it, cut just above an outward facing bud. This ensures that new growth starts from the end of the old stem.
Check the back of the label when you buy a rose, which will contain specific pruning information. If you have established roses and don’t know the variety, read on to see which description it best matches, and follow that pruning advice.
Each group of roses needs a different type of pruning – here’s my guide.