Plant cordon trees in winter, choosing a cordon tree with a suitable rootstock. They can be grown free-standing or against a wall or fence. When grown next to a wall or fence, taut horizontal wires are necessary to tie the stems to. Having the right support in place is important to keeping them growing best.
Prepare the area for planting by removing weeds, digging in plenty of well-rotted organic matter and positioning a bamboo cane in place to offer support and direction. Then, the trees can be planted, angled in the same direction as the bamboo cane. Tie the stem to the cane, before firming in the soil and watering in well.
Keep the fruit trees in good shape by getting the pruning right. In late summer, where sideshoots have grown, cut them back to three leaves. Then, the laterals on which the fruit grows can be cut back to one leaf.
Doing this whilst there is fruit on the tree kicks the tree into focusing its energy into producing new flowers the following year.
In winter, pruning damaged, dead, and diseased foliage as well as unproductive foliage is ideal. This opens up the structure to allow air circulation and boost the health of the plant.